Document Type : Original Article
Assistant Professor of Sports Injury, Department of Sport Sciences, Velayat University, Iranshahr, Iran
Ph.D. in Sports Biomechanics, Farhangian University of Yazd, Yazd, Iran
Assistant Professor of Athletic Training, Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
Background: Understanding the reasons for injuries in athletes is crucial, and this is particularly important for adolescent athletes since they possess unique physical, motor, and psychological traits requiring special attention.
Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the frequency of sports injuries and their related causes among male student-athletes participating in the 30th male-student sports festival held across the country.
Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study included 425 male student-athletes (mean age 12.1±7.82, range 7–15 years) with an athletic history of 3.3±0.18 years, randomly selected from 1927 male student-athletes competing in the four sporting areas. Rope skipping, athletics, swimming, and gymnastics competed at the 30th National Sports Festival for Male Students (Yazd, September 2022). Injury information was collected using the Fuller and colleagues (2006) injury report form.
Results: The results showed that 54% of athletes in track and field, 23.30% in skipping rope, 13.5% in gymnastics, and 9.2% in swimming had a history of sports injuries. The severity of injuries in different sports fields was 83.2% mild, 10.5% moderate, and 6.3% severe. The types of injuries were 54% muscular tendon, 3.32% bone joint, and 7.13% skin. The injured body parts were 44.5% lower limbs, 36.3% upper limbs, and 19.2% trunk and spine. 36% of injuries were due to incorrect exercise movements, 30% were due to inadequate warm-up, 20% were due to insufficient physical preparation, and 14% were due to inappropriate environmental conditions.
Conclusion: The study highlights that sports injuries in Iran occur more frequently due to incorrect exercise movements and inadequate warm-up. It is necessary to provide specialized practical training for teachers and coaches to prevent these incidents and promote safe athletic training practices for adolescent athletes.