Investigating the effect of existential therapy on feelings of helplessness and failure, feelings of old age and emptiness, and feelings of confusion and conflict in retired teachers

Document Type : Original Article


Islamic Azad University, Islamabad West Branch, Kermanshah, Iran


Background: Retirement can cause problems for individuals and lead to symptoms like retirement syndrome, including incompatibility and identity crises.
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the impact of existential therapy on retired teachers' feelings of helplessness and failure, aging and emptiness, and confusion and conflict.
Methods: This was a semi-experimental study with a pre-test and post-test design and a control group. The study included all retired teachers in Kermanshah, Iran, and 40 teachers were selected randomly and assigned to either the experimental or control group. Data were collected through the retirement syndrome questionnaire, and statistical analysis was conducted using multivariate covariance analysis.
Results: The study found that there were significant differences between the retirement syndrome symptoms in the existential therapy group and the control group, including feelings of helplessness and failure, aging and emptiness, and confusion and conflict. The participants in the experimental group showed a reduction in the mean score of retirement syndrome symptoms after the therapy sessions.
Conclusion: This study highlights the positive impact of existential therapy on reducing retirement syndrome symptoms for retired teachers. Training in existential therapy can help individuals prepare for retirement and cope with the challenges that come with it.


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