Document Type : Original Article
Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education Sciences and Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
Department of Physiology and Medical Physics, School of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Neuroscience Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background: One of the social groups whose psychological assessment is important during the COVID-19 outbreak is healthcare workers.
Objective: This study aimed to predict the severity of COVID-19 anxiety in healthcare workers based on sleep quality and mental health.
Methods: This correlational study was conducted on 180 healthcare workers (129 females and 51 males). Participants completed the researcher-created demographic information questionnaire, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), and the COVID-19 Anxiety Scale (CDAS).
Results: The results showed that 23.3% of healthcare workers reported COVID-19 anxiety. The severity of COVID-19 anxiety varied among different work shifts and educational degrees of healthcare workers, with those on morning shifts and those with master's degrees showing low levels of COVID-19 anxiety. Additionally, there was a significant relationship between COVID-19 anxiety and mental health. Furthermore, there was a significant relationship between all dimensions of sleep quality except sleep efficiency and COVID-19 anxiety (P<0.05). Finally, the results of logistic regression analysis showed that low sleep quality in individuals increased the chance of emerging intense anxiety due to COVID-19 by 3.11 times (OR=3.11).
Conclusion: These results showed that the most important contributing factor to COVID-19 anxiety in healthcare workers is the sleep quality of individuals. Therefore, providing screening and interventional programs is needed to improve the sleep quality of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.