The Epidemiological status of Brucellosis in Divandarreh city, Kurdistan Province, Iran, in 2020

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 MSc in Epidemiology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran

2 Department of Public Health, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran

10.22034/ncm.2022.341869.1046

Abstract

Background: Brucellosis, a bacterial zoonosis, is transmitted directly or indirectly from infected animals to humans. This disease has always been endemic in Iran over the past years and is one of the most common infectious diseases in Kurdistan province.
Aim: This study was conducted to investigate the epidemiological status of Brucellosis in Divandarreh city, Kurdistan Province, Iran, in 2020.
Methods: In this retrospective-analytical study, all patients with Brucellosis who were referred to Divandarreh Health Center in 2020 were included. Demographic and clinical data of all patients were recorded. Data were analyzed by Stata software.
Results: In 2020, 195 cases of human brucellosis were reported to Divandere health center. In terms of geographical distribution, 6 (3.1%) patients were from urban and 189 (96.9%) patients were from rural areas. One hundred and two (52.3%) patients were male and 93 (47.7%) patients were female. In terms of the job, the highest frequency was observed in housewives with 81 (41.5%) patients. In terms of age, the highest frequency of brucellosis was reported in the age group of 20-40 years (47.7%).
Conclusion: In the present study, most cases of brucellosis have been reported in rural areas. The majority of the population of Divandarreh city live in villages that have direct contact with livestock, so planning to increase vaccination for livestock in these areas can be a potential solution to reduce the frequency of the disease.

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