The Epidemiological status of Brucellosis in Divandarreh city, Kurdistan Province, Iran, in 2020

Document Type : Original Article


1 MSc in Epidemiology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran

2 Department of Public Health, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran


Background: Brucellosis, a zoonotic bacterial disease, is transmitted directly or indirectly from infected animals to humans. This disease has been endemic in Iran for many years, including in Kurdistan province, where it is one of the most common infectious diseases.
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological status of Brucellosis in Divandarreh city, Kurdistan Province, Iran, in 2020.
Methods: This was a retrospective-analytical study of all patients with Brucellosis who were referred to Divandarreh Health Center in 2020. Demographic and clinical data of all patients were recorded.
Results: In 2020, 195 cases of human brucellosis were reported to the Divandarreh Health Center. Of these, 6 (3.1%) patients were from urban areas, and 189 (96.9%) were from rural areas. One hundred and two (52.3%) patients were male, and 93 (47.7%) were female. The highest frequency of brucellosis was observed among housewives, with 81 (41.5%) patients in this category. The age group with the highest frequency of brucellosis was 20–40 years old, accounting for 47.7% of the total cases.
Conclusion: In the present study, most cases of brucellosis have been reported in rural areas. The majority of the population of Divandarreh lives in villages that have direct contact with livestock, so planning to increase vaccination for livestock in these areas can be a potential solution to reduce the frequency of the disease.


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