Document Type : Original Article
Associate Professor of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of pediatrics, School of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
M.D, Student Research Committee, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
Associate Professor of Nursing, Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
Background: Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are the most common congenital defects and the leading cause of birth defects-associated morbidity, mortality, and medical expenditures.
Objectives: This study aimed at assessing the prevalence and associated risk factors of congenital heart disease among children in Rafsanjan, southeastern Iran.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the research population included all pediatrics admitted to the pediatric cardiac center in Rafsanjan, southeastern Iran (September 2018 - March 2019). A researcher-made checklist was used to collect data, such as disease and demographic information, about children and their parents. Through face-to-face interviews, the checklist was completed. Furthermore, echocardiography was applied to diagnose CHD. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 18.
Results: From the 50 children, 30 (60%) were girls and 20 (40%) were boys. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with a rate of 50% (25 cases from 50) and atrial septal defect (ASD) with a rate of 20% (10 cases from 50) were the most common CHD anomalies. There was a significant difference between the frequency of PDA and VSD with the delivery method and gestational age (P<0.05).
Conclusions: Our data showed that there is a high prevalence of PDA among children with CHD. Gestational age can be contributing factor to CHD. The results can be used by specialists to prevent and treat these disorders.