Prevalence of congenital heart disease and related factors among children admitted to the pediatric cardiac center in Rafsanjan, southeastern Iran

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Associate Professor of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of pediatrics, School of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 M.D, Student Research Committee, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

3 Associate Professor of Nursing, Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

Abstract

Background: Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are the most common congenital defects and the leading cause of birth defects-associated morbidity, mortality, and medical expenditures. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated risk factors of congenital heart disease among children in Rafsanjan, southeastern Iran.
Objectives: The current study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) among emergency nurses.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the research population included all pediatric patients admitted to the Pediatric Cardiac Center in Rafsanjan, southeastern Iran, from September 2018 to March 2019. A researcher-made checklist was used to collect data, including disease and demographic information, about children and their parents through face-to-face interviews. Echocardiography was applied to diagnose CHD.
Results: Of the 50 children, 30 (60%) were girls and 20 (40%) were boys. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), which affects approximately 50% of children with CHD, and atrial septal defect (ASD), which affects approximately 20% of children with CHD, were the most common CHD anomalies. There was a significant difference between the frequency of PDA and ventricular septal defect (VSD) based on the delivery method and gestational age (P < 0.05).
Conclusion: Our findings demonstrated a significant prevalence of PDA among children with CHD. Gestational age may serve as a contributing factor to CHD. These results can benefit specialists in preventing and treating these conditions

Keywords


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